Name: Cristina Deutsch
Affiliation: Institutul de Istorie și Teorie Literară „G. Călinescu” al Academiei Române
Citation Recommendation: DEUTSCH, Cristina. „Tehnici auctoriale de încriptare a simbolului infantil. Studiu de caz: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Émile”. In: RITL, New Series, XII, No. 1-4, January-December 2018, p. 411-425.
Titlul: TEHNICI AUCTORIALE DE ÎNCRIPTARE A SIMBOLULUI INFANTIL. STUDIU DE CAZ: JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU, ÉMILE
Title: AUTHORIAL TECHNIQUES OF INFANTILE SYMBOL’S ENCRYPTION. CASE STUDY: JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU, ÉMILE
Abstract: The present paper attempts, using Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s novel, Émile, as a case study, to define a series of auctorial techniques of encrypting the child symbol. This aims to examine how the idea of childhood, seen in a positive light, tries to find a place in literature, the child becoming a character with its own features, an imaginary hero upon whom various techniques can be applied to demonstrate even a philosophical – pedagogical theory such as that of Rousseau. Seen, in fact, as a conventional symbol in fiction, the child will be viewed in this case more as an incarnation of the natural child, changing, in this way, the previous perceptions of childhood, both at a scientific level and at a literary one. For Rousseau, the child is the equivalent of the good being, his evolution depending on education: a natural one in order not to be perverted by society. Rousseauʹs infant hero is essentially an orphan who will be eventually transformed into a rational adult only by the means of education coming from nature, stating that the right answers can be found only by the direct interaction with the uncorrupted environment. Therefore, for Rousseau, the child hero must be able, following his path, to construct a personal world with what is near him – a new type of persona for whom the social conventions are no longer important, but the direct experience is crucial. With Rousseau, the child as a fictional character becomes a symbol of the utility of a certain kind of education as an important part of his integration into the society, changing, therefore, the previous patterns used for giving life to this type of her
Keywords: French literature, Rousseau, childhood, pedagogical strategies, literary devices, gender studies